The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Notes History Chapter 1

Republic

Republic is a state where the supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives. The president is either apppointed through elections or nomination.

Democratic Republic

Democratic Republic is a country that is both public and a democratic . It is the one where ultimate authority and power is derived from the citizens.

Socialist Republic

Socialist Reppublic refers to any state that is constitutionally dedicated to the establishment of socialism.

Socialism

Socialism is an economic theory, system or movement, where the production and distribution of goods is done, owned and shared by the citizens of a society.

Absolute Monarchy

Absolute Monarchy is a type of a governmental form of monarchy in which all governmental power and responsibilities arise from a monarch. Louis XIV of France is the most famous example of absolute monarchy.

Utopia

Utopia is an imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfect.

Nation-State

Nation-State is a sovereign state, resided by comparatively homogeneous group of people who share a feeling of common nationality.

Nationalism

Nationalism is a loyalty and devotion towards a nation.

Aristocracy

Aristocracy is a class or group of people believed to be superior ( as in rank, wealth or intellect ).

Serf

Serf is a person in the past who belonged to a low social class and who lived and worked on a land owned by another person.

Universal Suffrage

Universal Suffrage is the right of all adult citizens to vote in an election.

Conservatism

Conservatism is a commitment to traditional values and ideas with opposition to change or innovation.

Habsburg Empire

Habsburg Empire is the empire that ruled Austria, Hungary, including the Alpine region of Tyrol , Sudentenland and Bohemia .

Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire is a Turkish empire ruled by the Caliph – the spiritual and temporal head of the Muslims.

Ideology

Ideology is a system of ideas reflecting a particular social and political vision.

Plebiscite

Plebiscite is a direct vote by which all the people of a region are asked to accept or reject a proposal.

Ethnic

Ethnic relates to a common racial, tribal or cultural origin or background that a community identifies with or claims.

Allegory

When an abstract idea is expressed through a person or a thing. Such type of Idea is known as an Allegory. An allegorical story has two meanings, one literal and one symbolic.

Romanticism

Romanticism is a cultural movement, which aimed at developing a particular form of national sentiment and promote a feeling of collective heritage as the basis of a nation.

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